Konfigurasi Data Nusantara

OpenStackVirtualisasi - Cloud

Managing Users and Roles

Hi….

Lanjut lagi yah untuk COA series nya

Users

Seperti sebelumnya, kita cek command yang ada untuk manage user ini apa saja

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack user --help
Command "user" matches:
 user create
 user delete
 user list
 user password set
 user set
 user show

Sekarang coba cek, user yang sudah ada

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack user list
+----------------------------------+------------+
| ID                               | Name       |
+----------------------------------+------------+
| 23e4b8d17ec34921a44419fb243e2e9f | aodh       |
| 3261551f781840bcb52ac7e403717e1c | glance     |
| 3eb5ec95b83e424bbee3ade5ee43f737 | neutron    |
| 6b1887d907aa4920afc848db9707c431 | admin      |
| 6d3ec2aa483f4cb598bfdb7a5394dd69 | ceilometer |
| 76abbdc01fe741d8976fc49ded6093d4 | swift      |
| 8301050d83804fe399e3731b0979f144 | demo       |
| 84af867a7810494e8dd837fe05d05f1b | gnocchi    |
| 93c6646c3d654084abb2710971e846db | nova       |
| 946edb0acc2d4b97bffffbaee8ff3474 | placement  |
| ac80bdff114a4b82a7afbf34c3949cf1 | cinder     |
+----------------------------------+------------+

Untuk membuat user, menggunakan command openstack user create, untuk lebih detail parameter yang ada

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack user create --help
usage: openstack user create [-h] [-f {json,shell,table,value,yaml}]
 [-c COLUMN] [--max-width <integer>] [--fit-width]
 [--print-empty] [--noindent] [--prefix PREFIX]
 [--domain <domain>] [--project <project>]
 [--project-domain <project-domain>]
 [--password <password>] [--password-prompt]
 [--email <email-address>]
 [--description <description>]
 [--enable | --disable] [--or-show]
 <name>

Create new user

positional arguments:
 <name> New user name

optional arguments:
 -h, --help show this help message and exit
 --domain <domain> Default domain (name or ID)
 --project <project> Default project (name or ID)
 --project-domain <project-domain>
 Domain the project belongs to (name or ID). This can
 be used in case collisions between project names
 exist.
 --password <password>
 Set user password
 --password-prompt Prompt interactively for password
 --email <email-address>
 Set user email address
 --description <description>
 User description
 --enable Enable user (default)
 --disable Disable user
 --or-show Return existing user

Untuk lebih singkat nya, gunakan command

openstack user create --password-prompt <username>

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack user create --password-prompt admin_konfigurasi
User Password:
Repeat User Password:
+---------------------+----------------------------------+
| Field               | Value                            |
+---------------------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id           | default                          |
| enabled             | True                             |
| id                  | 2aa274d6a1fc487c9620ba1c2ce3b185 |
| name                | admin_konfigurasi                |
| options             | {}                               |
| password_expires_at | None                             |
+---------------------+----------------------------------+

Sekarang, kita cek apakah user yang dibuat tadi sudah ada

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack user list
+----------------------------------+-------------------+
| ID                               | Name              |
+----------------------------------+-------------------+
| 23e4b8d17ec34921a44419fb243e2e9f | aodh              |
| 2aa274d6a1fc487c9620ba1c2ce3b185 | admin_konfigurasi |
| 3261551f781840bcb52ac7e403717e1c | glance            |
| 3eb5ec95b83e424bbee3ade5ee43f737 | neutron           |
| 6b1887d907aa4920afc848db9707c431 | admin             |
| 6d3ec2aa483f4cb598bfdb7a5394dd69 | ceilometer        |
| 76abbdc01fe741d8976fc49ded6093d4 | swift             |
| 8301050d83804fe399e3731b0979f144 | demo              |
| 84af867a7810494e8dd837fe05d05f1b | gnocchi           |
| 93c6646c3d654084abb2710971e846db | nova              |
| 946edb0acc2d4b97bffffbaee8ff3474 | placement         |
| ac80bdff114a4b82a7afbf34c3949cf1 | cinder            |
+----------------------------------+-------------------+

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack user show admin_konfigurasi
+---------------------+----------------------------------+
| Field               | Value                            |
+---------------------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id           | default                          |
| enabled             | True                             |
| id                  | 2aa274d6a1fc487c9620ba1c2ce3b185 |
| name                | admin_konfigurasi                |
| options             | {}                               |
| password_expires_at | None                             |
+---------------------+----------------------------------+

Seperti yang kita coba diatas, ada beberapa parameter (field) yang bisa diset, tapi kita menggunakan parameter standar saja pada saat create user. Sekarang, kita coba set salah satu field nya

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack user set --email admin_konfigurasi@konfigurasi.net admin_konfigurasi
[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack user show admin_konfigurasi
+---------------------+-----------------------------------+
| Field               | Value                             |
+---------------------+-----------------------------------+
| domain_id           | default                           |
| email               | admin_konfigurasi@konfigurasi.net |
| enabled             | True                              |
| id                  | 2aa274d6a1fc487c9620ba1c2ce3b185  |
| name                | admin_konfigurasi                 |
| options             | {}                                |
| password_expires_at | None                              |
+---------------------+-----------------------------------+

Untuk menghapus, gunakan command

openstack user delete <username>  atau  openstack user delete <id>
[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack user delete admin_konfigurasi
[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack user delete 2aa274d6a1fc487c9620ba1c2ce3b185

List pada dashboard

Roles

Seperti sebelumnya, tambahkan help, untuk mengetahui command yang tersedia

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role --help
Command "role" matches:
 role add
 role assignment list
 role create
 role delete
 role list
 role remove
 role set
 role show

Cek role yang ada

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role list
+----------------------------------+---------------+
| ID                               | Name          |
+----------------------------------+---------------+
| 10f7aa8a9e23466c97d3bb8ab85405be | admin         |
| 322e5fb05de44c40b96586bef6c36696 | ResellerAdmin |
| 9fe2ff9ee4384b1894a90878d3e92bab | _member_      |
| e591126e24d04f09a37ec4de20ad0088 | SwiftOperator |
+----------------------------------+---------------+

User pada openstack, memerlukan role untuk mengetahui, “hak”/”kewenangan” user. Seperti dilihat diatas, ada 4 role, dan untuk user biasa, role nya adalah _member_.

Untuk menambahkan, gunakan command

openstack role add --project <projectname> --user <username> <role> 
[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role add --project konfigurasi --user admin_konfigurasi _member_

Untuk cek berdasarkan project

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role assignment list --name --project konfigurasi
+----------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+
| Role     | User                      | Group | Project             | Domain | Inherited |
+----------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+
| _member_ | admin_konfigurasi@Default |       | konfigurasi@Default |        | False     |
+----------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+

Untuk cek berdasarkan user

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role assignment list --name --user admin_konfigurasi
+----------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+
| Role     | User                      | Group | Project             | Domain | Inherited |
+----------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+
| _member_ | admin_konfigurasi@Default |       | konfigurasi@Default |        | False     |
+----------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+

Atau bisa juga gabungkan user dan project

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role assignment list --name --project konfigurasi --user admin_konfigurasi
+----------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+
| Role     | User                      | Group | Project             | Domain | Inherited |
+----------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+
| _member_ | admin_konfigurasi@Default |       | konfigurasi@Default |        | False     |
+----------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+

Sekarang, kita coba membuat role baru

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role create writer
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | None                             |
| id        | 4a5115356f9643fa92c1028338cdcc9b |
| name      | writer                           |
+-----------+----------------------------------+

Untuk cek atau verifikasi

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role list
+----------------------------------+---------------+
| ID                               | Name          |
+----------------------------------+---------------+
| 10f7aa8a9e23466c97d3bb8ab85405be | admin         |
| 322e5fb05de44c40b96586bef6c36696 | ResellerAdmin |
| 4a5115356f9643fa92c1028338cdcc9b | writer        |
| 9fe2ff9ee4384b1894a90878d3e92bab | _member_      |
| e591126e24d04f09a37ec4de20ad0088 | SwiftOperator |
+----------------------------------+---------------+
[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role show writer
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | None                             |
| id        | 4a5115356f9643fa92c1028338cdcc9b |
| name      | writer                           |
+-----------+----------------------------------+

User yang ada bisa memiliki lebih dari 1 role, sekarang kita coba tambahkan user yang tadi sudah diadd pada role _member_,  ke role writer

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role assignment list --name --project konfigurasi --user admin_konfigurasi
+----------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+
| Role     | User                      | Group | Project             | Domain | Inherited |
+----------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+
| writer   | admin_konfigurasi@Default |       | konfigurasi@Default |        | False     |
| _member_ | admin_konfigurasi@Default |       | konfigurasi@Default |        | False     |
+----------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+

Untuk menghapus, gunakan command

openstack role delete <name>
[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role delete writer

Sekarang kita coba create role baru lagi dan assign user serta project ke role tersebut

[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role create contributor
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | None                             |
| id        | 8cc039326d4948c3a0898abebe501572 |
| name      | contributor                      |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role add --project konfigurasi --user admin_konfigurasi contributor
[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role assignment list --name --project konfigurasi --user admin_konfigurasi
+-------------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+
| Role        | User                      | Group | Project             | Domain | Inherited |
+-------------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+
| contributor | admin_konfigurasi@Default |       | konfigurasi@Default |        | False     |
| _member_    | admin_konfigurasi@Default |       | konfigurasi@Default |        | False     |
+-------------+---------------------------+-------+---------------------+--------+-----------+
[root@localhost centos(keystone_admin)]# openstack role list
+----------------------------------+---------------+
| ID                               | Name          |
+----------------------------------+---------------+
| 10f7aa8a9e23466c97d3bb8ab85405be | admin         |
| 322e5fb05de44c40b96586bef6c36696 | ResellerAdmin |
| 8cc039326d4948c3a0898abebe501572 | contributor   |
| 9fe2ff9ee4384b1894a90878d3e92bab | _member_      |
| e591126e24d04f09a37ec4de20ad0088 | SwiftOperator |
+----------------------------------+---------------+

Apabila dicek pada dashboard

Ok, sementara itu dulu ya, dilanjut untuk COA series di posting berikutnya

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