Konfigurasi Data Nusantara

MikroTikNetworking

OSPF Backbone Area MikroTik

Hi…

Kali ini kita akan mencoba konfigurasi dasar dari OSPF dimana masih berada di satu area yang sama yaitu Backbone area.

Ada tiga elemen dasar dari konfigurasi OSPF:

  • Enable OSPF instance
  • OSPF area configuration
  • OSPF network configuration

Menu OSPF ini sendiri berada di   /routing ospf instance. Untuk setup OSPF yang advance/lebih lanjut bisa menerapkan beberapa instance atau multi area. Sebagai permulaan, kita akan menggunakan “default” instance yang sudah ada.

Ok, kita lanjut konfigurasi sesuai dengan topologi diatas ya

Pertama, seting IP di tiap2 Router

R1

/ip address add address=10.10.10.1/30 interface=ether1
/ip address add address=10.10.10.10/30 interface=ether3
/ip address add address=1.1.1.1/24 interface=ether5

R2

/ip address add address=10.10.10.2/30 interface=ether1
/ip address add address=10.10.10.5/30 interface=ether2
/ip address add address=2.2.2.1/24 interface=ether5

R3

/ip address add address=10.10.10.6 /30 interface=ether2
/ip address add address=10.10.10.9/30 interface=ether3
/ip address add address=3.3.3.1/24 interface=ether5

Kemudian, buat instance di masing-masing router R1,R2,R3

routing ospf instance add name=default

Untuk versi 6 ini sudah ada default instance nya, jadi bisa kita skip langkah diatas.

Langkah selanjutnya adalah cek OSPF instance dimasing masing router

[admin@MikroTik] > routing ospf instance print
Flags: X - disabled, * - default
0 * name="default" router-id=0.0.0.0 distribute-default=never redistribute-connected=no
redistribute-static=no redistribute-rip=no redistribute-bgp=no redistribute-other-ospf=no
metric-default=1 metric-connected=20 metric-static=20 metric-rip=20 metric-bgp=auto
metric-other-ospf=auto in-filter=ospf-in out-filter=ospf-out

Seperti yang terlihat, bahwa router-id masih 0.0.0.0, hal ini berarti bahwa router akan menggunakan salah satu IP address yang ada dirouter sebagai router-id. Secara umum, disarankan untuk set loopback IP address sebagai router-id. Loopback IP address ini adalah virtual saja, yang hanya digunakan sebagai identitas router di dalan jaringan. Keuntungan lainnya adalah, loopck address selalu aktif dan tidak bisa di matikan sebagaimana physical interface. OPSF protocol menggunakan nya untuk berkomunikasi s=dengan sesama router dengan menggunakannya sebagai router-id.

Selanjutnya kita buat loopback interface dan set IP nya

R1

interface bridge add name=loopback
ip address add address=10.255.255.1/32 interface=loopback
routing ospf instance set 0 router-id=10.255.255.1

R2

interface bridge add name=loopback
ip address add address=10.255.255.2/32 interface=loopback
routing ospf instance set 0 router-id=10.255.255.2

R3

interface bridge add name=loopback
ip address add address=10.255.255.3/32 interface=loopback
routing ospf instance set 0 router-id=10.255.255.3

Selanjutnya adalah konfigurasi OSPF area. Backbone area sudah dibuat secara default pada RouterOS, jadi tidak diperlukan lagi tambahan konfigurasi. Perlu diingat bahwa backbone area-id selalu (nol) 0.0.0.0

Dan langkah terakhir adalah, menambahkan network yang ada pada masing masing router di OSPF area

R1

routing ospf network add network=1.1.1.0/24 area=backbone
routing ospf network add network=10.10.10.0/30 area=backbone
routing ospf network add network=10.10.10.8/30 area=backbone

R2

routing ospf network add network=2.2.2.0/24 area=backbone
routing ospf network add network=10.10.10.0/30 area=backbone
routing ospf network add network=10.10.10.4/30 area=backbone

R3

routing ospf network add network=3.3.3.0/24 area=backbone
routing ospf network add network=10.10.10.4/30 area=backbone
routing ospf network add network=10.10.10.8/30 area=backbone

Untuk network 10.10.10.0/30, 10.10.10.4/30 dan 10.10.10.8/30 bisa diringkas menjadi 10.10.10.0/24, sehingga sebenarnya konfigurasi bisa diringkas menjadi seperti berikut

R1

routing ospf network add network=1.1.1.0/24 area=backbone
routing ospf network add network=10.10.10.0/24 area=backbone

R2

routing ospf network add network=2.2.2.0/24 area=backbone
routing ospf network add network=10.10.10.0/24 area=backbone

R3

routing ospf network add network=3.3.3.0/24 area=backbone
routing ospf network add network=10.10.10.0/24 area=backbone

Nah, untuk memastikan, silahkan cek di masing masing router

R1

[admin@R1] > routing ospf interface print
Flags: X - disabled, I - inactive, D - dynamic, P - passive
# INTERFACE COST PRIORITY NETWORK-TYPE AUTHENTICATION AUTHENTICATION-KEY
0 D ether1 10 1 broadcast none
1 D ether3 10 1 broadcast none
2 D ether5 10 1 broadcast none

[admin@R1] > routing ospf neighbor print
0 instance=default router-id=10.255.255.3 address=10.10.10.9 interface=ether3 priority=1
dr-address=10.10.10.10 backup-dr-address=10.10.10.9 state="Full" state-changes=5 ls-retransmits=0
ls-requests=0 db-summaries=0 adjacency=24s

1 instance=default router-id=10.255.255.2 address=10.10.10.2 interface=ether1 priority=1
dr-address=10.10.10.2 backup-dr-address=10.10.10.1 state="Full" state-changes=6 ls-retransmits=1
ls-requests=0 db-summaries=0 adjacency=4s
[admin@R1] > ip route print
Flags: X - disabled, A - active, D - dynamic, C - connect, S - static, r - rip, b - bgp, o - ospf, m - mme,
B - blackhole, U - unreachable, P - prohibit
# DST-ADDRESS PREF-SRC GATEWAY DISTANCE
0 ADC 1.1.1.0/24 1.1.1.1 ether5 0
1 ADo 2.2.2.0/24 10.10.10.2 110
2 ADo 3.3.3.0/24 10.10.10.9 110
3 ADC 10.10.10.0/30 10.10.10.1 ether1 0
4 ADo 10.10.10.4/30 10.10.10.9 110
5 ADC 10.10.10.8/30 10.10.10.10 ether3 0
6 ADC 10.255.255.1/32 10.255.255.1 loopback 0

R2

[admin@R2] > routing ospf interface print
Flags: X - disabled, I - inactive, D - dynamic, P - passive
# INTERFACE COST PRIORITY NETWORK-TYPE AUTHENTICATION AUTHENTICATION-KEY
0 D ether5 10 1 broadcast none
1 D ether1 10 1 broadcast none
2 D ether2 10 1 broadcast none

[admin@R2] > routing ospf neighbor print
0 instance=default router-id=10.255.255.3 address=10.10.10.6 interface=ether2 priority=1
dr-address=10.10.10.6 backup-dr-address=10.10.10.5 state="Full" state-changes=6 ls-retransmits=0
ls-requests=0 db-summaries=0 adjacency=39m42s

1 instance=default router-id=10.255.255.1 address=10.10.10.1 interface=ether1 priority=1
dr-address=10.10.10.2 backup-dr-address=10.10.10.1 state="Full" state-changes=5 ls-retransmits=0
ls-requests=0 db-summaries=0 adjacency=39m51s

[admin@R2] > ip route print
Flags: X - disabled, A - active, D - dynamic, C - connect, S - static, r - rip, b - bgp, o - ospf, m - mme,
B - blackhole, U - unreachable, P - prohibit
# DST-ADDRESS PREF-SRC GATEWAY DISTANCE
0 ADo 1.1.1.0/24 10.10.10.1 110
1 ADC 2.2.2.0/24 2.2.2.1 ether5 0
2 ADo 3.3.3.0/24 10.10.10.6 110
3 ADC 10.10.10.0/30 10.10.10.2 ether1 0
4 ADC 10.10.10.4/30 10.10.10.5 ether2 0
5 ADo 10.10.10.8/30 10.10.10.6 110
10.10.10.1
6 ADC 10.255.255.2/32 10.255.255.2 loopback 0

R3

[admin@R3] > routing ospf interface print
Flags: X - disabled, I - inactive, D - dynamic, P - passive
# INTERFACE COST PRIORITY NETWORK-TYPE AUTHENTICATION AUTHENTICATION-KEY
0 D ether5 10 1 broadcast none
1 D ether2 10 1 broadcast none
2 D ether3 10 1 broadcast none

[admin@R3] > routing ospf neighbor print
0 instance=default router-id=10.255.255.1 address=10.10.10.10 interface=ether3 priority=1
dr-address=10.10.10.10 backup-dr-address=10.10.10.9 state="Full" state-changes=5 ls-retransmits=0
ls-requests=0 db-summaries=0 adjacency=41m18s

1 instance=default router-id=10.255.255.2 address=10.10.10.5 interface=ether2 priority=1
dr-address=10.10.10.6 backup-dr-address=10.10.10.5 state="Full" state-changes=5 ls-retransmits=0
ls-requests=0 db-summaries=0 adjacency=40m49s

[admin@R3] > ip route print
Flags: X - disabled, A - active, D - dynamic, C - connect, S - static, r - rip, b - bgp, o - ospf, m - mme,
B - blackhole, U - unreachable, P - prohibit
# DST-ADDRESS PREF-SRC GATEWAY DISTANCE
0 ADo 1.1.1.0/24 10.10.10.10 110
1 ADo 2.2.2.0/24 10.10.10.5 110
2 ADC 3.3.3.0/24 3.3.3.1 ether5 0
3 ADo 10.10.10.0/30 10.10.10.10 110
10.10.10.5
4 ADC 10.10.10.4/30 10.10.10.6 ether2 0
5 ADC 10.10.10.8/30 10.10.10.9 ether3 0
6 ADC 10.255.255.3/32 10.255.255.3 loopback 0

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