Konfigurasi Data Nusantara

MikroTikNetworking

OSPF, BGP, RIPv2 MikroTik

Hi…

Kali ini kita akan coba lab dengan menggabungkan ospf, bgp dan rip pada device mikrotik
Topology nya kira-kira seperti gambar berikut :

R1-R2-R3 terhubung menggunakan OSPF
R4-R5-R6 terhubung menggunakan RIPv2
R3-R4 terhubung menggunakan BGP

OK,, kita mulai ya

Mulai dari bagian OSPF terlebih dahulu

Konfig pada R1

[admin@MikroTik] > system identity set name=R1
[admin@R1] > int br add name=lo1
[admin@R1] > ip add add add=1.1.1.1/32 interface=lo1
[admin@R1] > ip add add add=13.13.13.1/24 int=ether1
[admin@R1] > routing ospf instance set default router-id=1.1.1.1
[admin@R1] > routing ospf network add network=1.1.1.1/32 area=backbone

Konfig pada R2

[admin@MikroTik] > system identity set name=R2
[admin@R2] > int br add name=lo1
[admin@R2] > ip add add add=2.2.2.2/32 interface=lo1
[admin@R2] > ip add add add=23.23.23.2/24 int=ether1
[admin@R2] > routing ospf instance set default router-id=2.2.2.2
[admin@R2] > routing ospf network add network=2.2.2.2/32 area=backbone
[admin@R2] > routing ospf network add network=23.23.23.0/24 area=backbone

Konfig pada R3

[admin@MikroTik] > system identity set name=R3
[admin@R3] > int br add name=lo1
[admin@R3] > ip add add add=3.3.3.3/32 int=lo1
[admin@R3] > ip add add add=13.13.13.3/24 int=ether1
[admin@R3] > ip add add add=23.23.23.3/24 int=ether2
[admin@R3] > ip add add add=34.34.34.3/24 interface=ether3
[admin@R3] > routing ospf instance set default router-id=3.3.3.3
[admin@R3] > routing ospf network add network=3.3.3.3/32 area=backbone
[admin@R3] > routing ospf network add network=13.13.13.0/24 area=backbone
[admin@R3] > routing ospf network add net=23.23.23.0/24 area=backbone
[admin@R3] > routing ospf network add network=34.34.34.0/24 area=backbone

Verifikasi pada R1

[admin@R1] > ip route print
Flags: X - disabled, A - active, D - dynamic, C - connect, S - static, r - rip, b - bgp, o - ospf, m - mme,
B - blackhole, U - unreachable, P - prohibit
# DST-ADDRESS PREF-SRC GATEWAY DISTANCE
0 ADC 1.1.1.1/32 1.1.1.1 lo1 0
1 ADo 3.3.3.3/32 13.13.13.3 110
2 ADC 13.13.13.0/24 13.13.13.1 ether1 0
3 ADo 23.23.23.0/24 13.13.13.3 110
4 ADo 34.34.34.0/24 13.13.13.3 110

Verifikasi pada R2

[admin@R2] > ip route print
Flags: X - disabled, A - active, D - dynamic, C - connect, S - static, r - rip, b - bgp, o - ospf, m - mme,
B - blackhole, U - unreachable, P - prohibit
# DST-ADDRESS PREF-SRC GATEWAY DISTANCE
0 ADo 1.1.1.1/32 23.23.23.3 110
1 ADC 2.2.2.2/32 2.2.2.2 lo1 0
2 ADo 3.3.3.3/32 23.23.23.3 110
3 ADo 13.13.13.0/24 23.23.23.3 110
4 ADC 23.23.23.0/24 23.23.23.2 ether1 0
5 ADo 34.34.34.0/24 23.23.23.3 110

Verifikasi pada R3

[admin@R3] > ip route print
Flags: X - disabled, A - active, D - dynamic, C - connect, S - static, r - rip, b - bgp, o - ospf, m - mme,
B - blackhole, U - unreachable, P - prohibit
# DST-ADDRESS PREF-SRC GATEWAY DISTANCE
0 ADo 1.1.1.1/32 13.13.13.1 110
1 ADC 3.3.3.3/32 3.3.3.3 lo1 0
2 ADC 13.13.13.0/24 13.13.13.3 ether1 0
3 ADC 23.23.23.0/24 23.23.23.3 ether2 0
4 ADC 34.34.34.0/24 34.34.34.3 ether3 0

Lanjut ke bagian RIP pada R4-R5-R6

Konfig pada R4

[admin@MikroTik] > system identity set name=R4
[admin@R4] > interface bridge add name=lo1
[admin@R4] > ip add add add=4.4.4.4/32 interface=lo1
[admin@R4] > ip add add add=45.45.45.4/24 interface=ether1
[admin@R4] > ip add add add=46.46.46.4/24 interface=ether2
[admin@R4] > ip add add add=34.34.34.4/24 interface=ether3
[admin@R4] > routing rip interface add interface=ether1 send=v2 receive=v2
[admin@R4] > routing rip network add network=46.46.46.0/24
[admin@R4] > routing rip net add net=45.45.45.0/24

Konfig pada R5

[admin@MikroTik] > system identity set name=R5
[admin@R5] > interface bridge add name=lo1
[admin@R5] > ip add add add=5.5.5.5/32 int=lo1
[admin@R5] > ip add add add=45.45.45.5/24 interface=ether1
[admin@R5] > routing rip interface add interface=ether1 receive=v2 send=v2
[admin@R5] > routing rip network add network=5.5.5.5/32
[admin@R5] > routing rip network add network=45.45.45.0/24

Konfig pada R6

[admin@MikroTik] > system identity set name=R6
[admin@R6] > interface bridge add name=lo1
[admin@R6] > ip add add add=6.6.6.6/32 interface=lo1
[admin@R6] > ip add add add=46.46.46.6/24 interface=ether1
[admin@R6] > routing rip interface add interface=ether1 send=v2 receive=v2
[admin@R6] > routing rip network add network=6.6.6.6/32
[admin@R6] > routing rip network add network=46.46.46.0/24

Verifikasi pada R4

[admin@R4] > ip route print
Flags: X - disabled, A - active, D - dynamic, C - connect, S - static, r - rip, b - bgp, o - ospf, m - mme,
B - blackhole, U - unreachable, P - prohibit
# DST-ADDRESS PREF-SRC GATEWAY DISTANCE
0 ADC 4.4.4.4/32 4.4.4.4 lo1 0
1 ADr 5.5.5.5/32 45.45.45.5 120
2 ADr 6.6.6.6/32 46.46.46.6 120
3 ADC 34.34.34.0/24 34.34.34.4 ether3 0
4 ADC 45.45.45.0/24 45.45.45.4 ether1 0
5 ADC 46.46.46.0/24 46.46.46.4 ether2 0

Verifikasi pada R5

[admin@R5] > ip route pr
Flags: X - disabled, A - active, D - dynamic, C - connect, S - static, r - rip, b - bgp, o - ospf, m - mme,
B - blackhole, U - unreachable, P - prohibit
# DST-ADDRESS PREF-SRC GATEWAY DISTANCE
0 ADC 5.5.5.5/32 5.5.5.5 lo1 0
1 ADr 6.6.6.6/32 45.45.45.4 120
2 ADC 45.45.45.0/24 45.45.45.5 ether1 0
3 ADr 46.46.46.0/24 45.45.45.4 120

Verifikasi pada R6

[admin@R6] > ip route pr
Flags: X - disabled, A - active, D - dynamic, C - connect, S - static, r - rip, b - bgp, o - ospf, m - mme,
B - blackhole, U - unreachable, P - prohibit
# DST-ADDRESS PREF-SRC GATEWAY DISTANCE
0 ADr 5.5.5.5/32 46.46.46.4 120
1 ADC 6.6.6.6/32 6.6.6.6 lo1 0
2 ADr 45.45.45.0/24 46.46.46.4 120
3 ADC 46.46.46.0/24 46.46.46.6 ether1 0

Sekarang lanjut ke BGP R3-R4

Konfig pada R3

[admin@R3] > routing bgp instance set default as=300
[admin@R3] > routing bgp peer add name=peer-to-R4 remote-address=34.34.34.4 remote-as=400
[admin@R3] > routing bgp network add network=3.3.3.3/32
[admin@R3] > routing bgp network add network=13.13.13.0/24
[admin@R3] > routing bgp network add network=23.23.23.0/24

Konfig pada R4

[admin@R4] > routing bgp instance set default as=400
[admin@R4] > routing bgp peer add name=peer-to-R3 remote-address=34.34.34.3 remote-as=300
[admin@R4] > routing bgp network add network=4.4.4.4/32
[admin@R4] > routing bgp network add network=45.45.45.0/24
[admin@R4] > routing bgp network add network=46.46.46.0/24

Verifikasi pada R3

[admin@R3] > ip route print
Flags: X - disabled, A - active, D - dynamic, C - connect, S - static, r - rip, b - bgp, o - ospf, m - mme,
B - blackhole, U - unreachable, P - prohibit
# DST-ADDRESS PREF-SRC GATEWAY DISTANCE
0 ADo 1.1.1.1/32 13.13.13.1 110
1 ADo 2.2.2.2/32 23.23.23.2 110
2 ADC 3.3.3.3/32 3.3.3.3 lo1 0
3 ADb 4.4.4.4/32 34.34.34.4 20
4 ADC 13.13.13.0/24 13.13.13.3 ether1 0
5 ADC 23.23.23.0/24 23.23.23.3 ether2 0
6 ADC 34.34.34.0/24 34.34.34.3 ether3 0
7 ADb 45.45.45.0/24 34.34.34.4 20
8 ADb 46.46.46.0/24 34.34.34.4 20

Verifikasi pada R4

[admin@R4] > ip route print
Flags: X - disabled, A - active, D - dynamic, C - connect, S - static, r - rip, b - bgp, o - ospf, m - mme,
B - blackhole, U - unreachable, P - prohibit
# DST-ADDRESS PREF-SRC GATEWAY DISTANCE
0 ADb 3.3.3.3/32 34.34.34.3 20
1 ADC 4.4.4.4/32 4.4.4.4 lo1 0
2 ADr 5.5.5.5/32 45.45.45.5 120
3 ADr 6.6.6.6/32 46.46.46.6 120
4 ADb 13.13.13.0/24 34.34.34.3 20
5 ADb 23.23.23.0/24 34.34.34.3 20
6 ADC 34.34.34.0/24 34.34.34.4 ether3 0
7 ADC 45.45.45.0/24 45.45.45.4 ether1 0
8 ADC 46.46.46.0/24 46.46.46.4 ether2 0

Nah, sekarang yang jadi pertanyaan adalah bagaimana advertise network OSPF, BGP dan RIP ke router R1,R2,R5 dan R6??
Kita aktifkan redistribute-bgp, redistribute-ospf dan redistribute-rip pada R3 dan R4 yang menjadi penghubung.

Konfig R3

[admin@R3] > routing bgp instance set default redistribute-ospf=yes
[admin@R3] > routing ospf instance set default redistribute-bgp=as-type-1

Konfig R4

[admin@R4] > routing bgp instance set default redistribute-rip=yes
[admin@R4] > routing rip set redistribute-bgp=yes

Verifikasi R3

[admin@R3] > ip route print
Flags: X - disabled, A - active, D - dynamic, C - connect, S - static, r - rip, b - bgp, o - ospf, m - mme,
B - blackhole, U - unreachable, P - prohibit
# DST-ADDRESS PREF-SRC GATEWAY DISTANCE
0 ADo 1.1.1.1/32 13.13.13.1 110
1 ADo 2.2.2.2/32 23.23.23.2 110
2 ADC 3.3.3.3/32 3.3.3.3 lo1 0
3 ADb 4.4.4.4/32 34.34.34.4 20
4 ADb 5.5.5.5/32 34.34.34.4 20
5 ADb 6.6.6.6/32 34.34.34.4 20
6 ADC 13.13.13.0/24 13.13.13.3 ether1 0
7 ADC 23.23.23.0/24 23.23.23.3 ether2 0
8 ADC 34.34.34.0/24 34.34.34.3 ether3 0
9 ADb 45.45.45.0/24 34.34.34.4 20
10 ADb 46.46.46.0/24 34.34.34.4 20

Verifikasi R4

[admin@R4] > ip route print
Flags: X - disabled, A - active, D - dynamic, C - connect, S - static, r - rip, b - bgp, o - ospf, m - mme,
B - blackhole, U - unreachable, P - prohibit
# DST-ADDRESS PREF-SRC GATEWAY DISTANCE
0 ADb 1.1.1.1/32 34.34.34.3 20
1 ADb 2.2.2.2/32 34.34.34.3 20
2 ADb 3.3.3.3/32 34.34.34.3 20
3 ADC 4.4.4.4/32 4.4.4.4 lo1 0
4 ADr 5.5.5.5/32 45.45.45.5 120
5 ADr 6.6.6.6/32 46.46.46.6 120
6 ADb 13.13.13.0/24 34.34.34.3 20
7 ADb 23.23.23.0/24 34.34.34.3 20
8 ADC 34.34.34.0/24 34.34.34.4 ether3 0
9 ADC 45.45.45.0/24 45.45.45.4 ether1 0
10 ADC 46.46.46.0/24 46.46.46.4 ether2 0

Dan akhirnya lengkap sudah routing table nya, silahkan cek juga pada R1, R2, R5 dan R6.

Sekarang coba ping dari R1 ke R6 atau dari Router mana saja

[admin@R1] > ping 6.6.6.6
SEQ HOST SIZE TTL TIME STATUS
0 6.6.6.6 56 62 98ms
1 6.6.6.6 56 62 208ms
2 6.6.6.6 56 62 375ms
3 6.6.6.6 56 62 238ms
4 6.6.6.6 56 62 308ms
5 6.6.6.6 56 62 215ms
6 6.6.6.6 56 62 409ms
7 6.6.6.6 56 62 351ms
8 6.6.6.6 56 62 377ms
9 6.6.6.6 56 62 360ms
10 6.6.6.6 56 62 172ms
11 6.6.6.6 56 62 364ms
12 6.6.6.6 56 62 397ms
13 6.6.6.6 56 62 393ms
14 6.6.6.6 56 62 378ms
15 6.6.6.6 56 62 345ms
16 6.6.6.6 56 62 247ms
17 6.6.6.6 56 62 191ms
18 6.6.6.6 56 62 291ms
19 6.6.6.6 56 62 227ms
sent=20 received=20 packet-loss=0% min-rtt=98ms avg-rtt=297ms max-rtt=409ms

Ok sekian dulu ya… dilanjut pada lab-lab berikut nya. Terima Kasih

Have any Question or Comment?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.